Concept of God in the Qur'an

By Dr. Muhammad Sharif Chaudhry

MA, LLB, PhD

 



Copyright Notice

 

Rights of the book are reserved with the author and the publisher. However, we are pleased to grant you an open licence to reproduce, translate, print or publish this book without any formal permission, royalty or fee. The book must be published without any change in its matter or authorship. It will be highly kind of you if you post some copies of the publication to the author for record.

ISBN: 969-8487-01-9

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

 

I am grateful to Allah, the One God of Universe Who bestowed courage upon a weak and a humble human like me to pick up his pen and write about the Sovereign Lord of Whom there is no partner. I present my work to Him with the prayer of His Prophet Abraham who had said while raising the foundations of Ka’aba (the House of God) at Makkah.

 

“Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty). Lo! Thou, Only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower. Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee and show us our ways of worship, and relent towards us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.”

(Al-Qur’an 2: 127 – 128)

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DEDICATION

 

This work is dedicated to the great Name of Almighty Allah the only Lord of the whole cosmos about Whom the Qur’an, the revealed book of Islam, says:

 

“Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. (The lamp is) in a glass. The glass is as it were a shining star. (This lamp is) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive neither of the East nor of the West, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon light, Allah guideth unto His light whom he will. And Allah speaketh to mankind in allegories, for Allah is knower of all things.” 

(24: An-Nur: 35)

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CONTENTS OF THE BOOK

1

God's Introduction

2

God's Attributes

3

God's Creations

4

God's Sovereignty

5

God's Favours

6

God's Guidance

7

Master of the Judgment Day

8

Rights of God

9

Miscellaneous

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BRIEF INTRODUCTION OF THE BOOK

No holy scripture or sacred book of any religion has given better description of God than the Holy Qur’an, the revealed book of Islam. Verses of the Qur’an have been compiled in this book on various subjects relating to God such as God’s Names and Attributes, God’s Signs, God’s knowledge, God’s creations, God’s sovereignty, God’s favours, God’ guidance, etc. Brief notes have been written to introduce each subject. Who is God? Does He exist? Where is He? These questions which have been agitating human mind since time immemorial have been answered in this book in a very comprehensive manner. The book has 175 pages of 5.5”x8.5” size. It is available at price of Rs. 100/- from Kitab Sarai, Al-Hamd Market, Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan.

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ABOUT THE PRINTED VERSION OF THE BOOK

 

First Edition:

October, 2002

Price:

Rs. 100/-

Printed by:

Shirkat Printing Press, 43-Nisbat Road, Lahore.

Composed by:

Online Communications, Circular Road, Near Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan. Tel: 7353706

Distributor & Stockist:

Kitab Saray, Al-Hamd Market, First  Floor, Ghazni Street, Urdu Bazar, Lahore-54000,  Pakistan.

Published by:

Burhan Education and Welfare Foundation, 198-N Samanabad, Lahore. Pakistan

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FOREWORD

 

In the Name of Allah, The Beneficent, the Merciful “O My Lord! Relieve my mind. And ease my task for me; and loose a knot from my tongue. That they may understand what I say.”

The concept of God has remained a riddle, a mystery, which has racked many human minds since time immemorial. Many great philosophers and prominent thinkers have pondered over the issue through ages but have failed to solve the mystery. Who is God? How defined? What is His nature and personality? Where is He? How is He? Does He exist? Who created the world? Who created us? These are some of the many questions which are raised by inquisitive minds, but the same have remained unanswered.

Al-Qur’an, the sacred book of Islam, is the final revealed message of God to mankind through His last messenger Muhammad (Peace be upon him). It does not indulge in any metaphysical or theological arguments to prove existence of God. The Qur’an invites our attention to the world around us and urges us to meditate on the creation of the universe, the heavens and the earth, the sun and the moon, the galaxies of stars, the days and night, the oceans and rivers, the gardens and plants, the mountains and hills, the animals and birds, and even on creation of ourselves to recognize the existence of God. The Qur’an explains and elaborates the concept of God in a very vivid and clear way which even layman can comprehend by just glancing through its verses. God, according to the Qur’an, is the Almighty, All-Powerful, All-Knowing and Omnipotent Lord of the whole universe. There is no God save Him. He has no partner in His Sovereignty and Dominion and is One alone to be worshipped. He has no parents as He was not begotten; He has no children as He begets not. He is the Alive, the Eternal, neither sleep nor slumber overtakes Him. He is Creator, Owner and Sustainer of every thing in the heavens and the earth. He gives life and death. Everything is in His knowledge and He knows the seen and unseen in the cosmos. Not a leaf falls without His leave and without His knowledge Thus the Qur’anic concept of God is that of a Universal, Living, Omnipotent, Omnipresent and Omniscient God and it widely differs from the concepts of God preached and propagated by philosophers and other religions and their holy scriptures who either do not believe in any God or believe in many deities or in a local and national God.

I have quoted verses of the Qur’an from the renowned translation of the Holy Qur’an known as “The Meaning of the Glorious Qur’an” by Marmaduke Pickthall; whereas Ahadith have been taken mostly from “Al-Hadis” an English translation of Mishkat-ul-Masabih by Maulana Fazlul Karim. I have also consulted some commentaries of Holy Qur’an written by various scholars like Muhammad Asad, Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Maulana Maududi. It would be most fair and just if I acknowledge my debt of gratitude to all of them from whose works I have benefited in producing this book. I must also place on record my thanks to Mr. Jamil Butt and his team who composed and designed the book and to the Trustees of the Burhan Education and Welfare Foundation who published the book.

I must also express my wholehearted thanks to my wife
Dr. Nasreen Sharif who has relieved me of many of my household responsibilities enabling me to give my full time and attention to research and writing. Thus her contribution, though indirect, is tremendous, not less than that of mine, in producing this book which must not go unrecognized.

Before concluding I must pray to God: ‘O, My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

 

Muhammad Sharif Chaudhry

July 04, 2002

169-A/I Township, Lahore, Pakistan.

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